All of the steins offered at Beer Steins International
are handcrafted and the process with which some steins are produced
has not change in the last century. Take a tour through the facilities
of one of BSI's manufacturers in Germany. Here you will
get a small impression of the amount of work involved and the
unique art represented by our steins. Enjoy the tour !
The Original Model
At the beginning of the manufacturing process artisans create a
Model with modeling clay which will be used as template for a
mold. It takes a lot of talent to develop such model and the artisans
techniques used for many generations.
The Rubber Model
To prevent any damage to the delicate model, the original clay
model has to be replicated into a full rubber model which
is more durable and flexible enough to allow the development
of a gypsum mold.
The Gypsum Mold
After the original model is now transformed into a rubber model,
this rubber model can be used as a positive to create a gypsum
form. The gypsum form is the designed to be used with a centrifuge
to produce the steins.
4 The Centrifuge
The previous created gypsum form is now mounted on the centrifuge
and filled with clay. The centrifugal forces will force the
clay into the mold and a new stein is born.
Glazing the stein
After the stein is removed from the gypsum form, craftsmen
apply the base coat glaze on the stein. In nearly all instances
this is a manual, very labor intensive process.
After the base coat glaze is applied, the stein will be fired
for the first time. The firing oven is heated to 1180 C (2156
first firing is critical as the hardness of the stein is dependent
on this firing process.
Many of the steins you see at Beer Steins International do carry
a color Decal showing a coat of arm or other traditional decors.
Those decals are wet applied to the stein and later on, during
the second firing bonded to the stein so you can enjoy the decals
for many many years.
7b Hand painting
steins you find at Beer Steins International are hand painted and
hand colored. Every single stein has to be hand painted by craftsmen.
The paint (glaze) is applied in accordance with traditions reaching
back many generations and techniques used did not change in centuries.
assure, that the wet applied decals and the hand applied paint
(glaze) securely bonds with the stein, all steins are being fired
a second time. The second firing is done at a much lower temperature
of 650 C (1202 F) to prevent the structure of the stein to change.
Constant temperature are critical to guarantee for secure bond
of glaze or decal with the stein.
Many time the lid on a beer stein is taken as granted and often
it is speculated on how the lid is actually produced and
mounted to the stein. We finally put an end to the speculation
and show you how it is done.
Pouring the lid
Lids on steins found at Beer Steins International are not mass
produced. Every lid is poured by hand which will guarantee the
quality and result in a sturdy lid which does not bend like some
mass produced lids. All lids are poured using 97% pure and lead
2. Cooling of the mold
After the mold is filled with pewter, the mold will be gradually
cooled down in a water bath. It will take several minutes for
the mold and the lid to cool down to a temperature, where it
can be handled safely.
Opening the mold
After the mold is cooled down, it can be opened carefully and the
raw lid will be carefully removed and prepared for the next step.
the lid is mounted
In the first
two steps, a strip heat resistant material will be tied around
the handle. Then everything will be covered with
a heat resistant putty, which will create a mold for the lid
In the next step liquid pewter is poured into the artificial mold
which will build a seamless connection between the lid and the handle.
After the pewter is cooled down, the hinges will be smoothen using
a router to produce a nice even look.
Last but not least the lid and stem will be polished to give it
a nice glossy shine.
|We hoped you enjoyed our little factory
tour. All of the beer stein you find at Beer Steins International
are produced in this or similar process. Every stein is a unique
handcrafted item and as such one of the most valuable
with friendly permission of King Werke Germany and BAZ Germany.
All pictures contained on this site are nationally and internationally
copyright protected and may not be copied or reproduced in
any form without the written permission of the owner.
Copyright 1999-2003 Beer Steins International